目前日期文章:20090104 (3)

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WASHINGTON -- Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice accused the militant Hamas organization of holding the people of Gaza hostage Friday and said the United States continues to seek a “durable and sustainable” cease-fire.

Speaking to reporters in the White House driveway after a meeting with President George W. Bush, Rice also said that the United States remains “very concerned about the situation there and is working very hard with our partners around the world.”

But she reiterated the Bush administration argument that any cease-fire in fighting that is now into its seventh day must hinge on the willingness of Hamas to stop firing rockets into Israel. Rice also said she has no current plans to travel to the region.

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Q:什麼是哈瑪斯(Hamas)?

A:正式名稱為伊斯蘭教抵抗運動(Harakat-al-Muqawima al-Islamiyya,英譯名Islamic Resistance Movement),是個巴勒斯坦軍事組織,以消滅以色列、建立巴勒斯坦人的伊斯蘭教國家為宗旨。1988年由亞辛(Sheikh Ahmad Yasin)所創建,領導班底來自「穆斯林兄弟會」(Muslim Brotherhood)成員。哈瑪斯主要從事軍事活動,基本立場認為巴勒斯坦不能屈服於非穆斯林,堅決反對1993年巴勒斯坦解放組織 (Palestine Liberation Organization )與以色列簽訂的和平協議。

Q:何謂intifada(抗暴行動)?

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